Quickbooks Chart of Accounts - Arbitrary Numbering?

Are the label Numbers for each account arbitrary in the Chart of Accounts? For example, QB provides these by default...
15000 - Furniture and Equipment
17000 - Accumulated Depreciation 24000 - Payroll Liabilities 25500 - Sales Tax Payable 30000 - Opening Balance Equity ... 47900 - Sales ... 51100 - Freight and Shipping Costs ... 66000 - Payroll Expenses ... 68100 - Telephone Expenses 68400 - Travel Expenses 68600 - Utilities 80000 - Ask My Accountant 90000 - Estimates
Is this a known CPA labeling/numbering convention? Or are these numbers completely arbitrary?
Thanks!
Rob
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They're not completely arbitrary, but there isn't anything that requires them to be used.
Older software required them to assign accounts to the report writer software. Quickbooks doesn't need account numbers, but then would sort accounts by type and then by alpha. So if you wanted to sort your liquid assets by what is most liquid, in an account number system account 100 would be Cash on Hand, 110 would be Bank of America......
Under the Alpha sort, Bank of America would be listed first, followed by Cash on Hand.
In a numeric account system, accounts are generally sorted as follows:
100 = Cash and other liquid assets, accounts receivable, fixed assets, long term assets, etc. 200 = accounts payable, current notes and loans payable, long term notes and loans payable, etc 300 = equity type accounts, stock, retained earnings, etc. 400 = sales and operating revenues, etc 500 = cost of goods. 600, 700, 800 = operating costs. 900 = other revenues and expenses
Most decent chart of accounts can be held together by as little as three numbers, you might want four or more if you want more detail:
710 = Telephone 711 = Local Service 712 = Long Distance 713 = 800 Service 714 = Cell phones 715 = ..............
And you can see how messy it can get if you want to, or need to, get too detailed.
Some accounting systems also allow for sub-numbers for projects, cost centers, jobs, locations, departments, etc.
710.1 is the main office 710.3 is the lake office 710.5 is the mountain job 710.7 is the shipping department.
What ever you decide to use, be sure you plan in advance how far you will need to carry out the numbers, if you'll be adding accounts in the future, etc.
--
Paul A. Thomas, CPA
Athens, Georgia
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don't use numbers, just names...it is easier and eliminates one more thing to keep track of...
On Apr 17, 12:28 pm, "Paul Thomas, CPA"

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Thanks Paul for the info. So it sounds like it's arbitrary, but generally good to be familiar for the CPA. I'm into whatever is going to save our guy time. If most people are following this type of numbering scheme, I'll not deviate. :)
Rob
Paul Thomas, CPA wrote:

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