- posted 14 years ago
I've seen several posts in the NGs concerning Quickbooks' inability to handle consolidations, separate departmental accounting, etc. because of its limitations with balance sheets by class. Actually, you can get balance sheets by class with Quickbooks but you need to set up your company(ies) correctly from the start and you have to enter a couple of extra splits (distributions) when entering transactions. I'll say that I had some success doing this with a group of eleven cash basis trusts that I imported from another system into one QB company with separate classes that each have balancing balance sheets. I was able to keep the balance sheets in balance when entering cash transactions and general journal transactions but what I'll describe below may not work with inventory transactions or may be too complicated.
Let's say you have a company with 4 departments that are designated by classes A - D. You can input your starting balances via general journal transactions with classes indicated appropriately. When entering general journal transactions, make sure and always indicate the applicable class for each leg whether a BS or P&L account. For example, let's assume you're accruing $100 of utilities for each cost center and your COA has utility ex in acct 5200 and accrued utilities in acct 2800. You would record the following GJ entry:
ACCNT CLASS AMOUNT 5200 A 100 5200 B 100 5200 C 100 5200 D 100 2800 A -100 2800 B -100 2800 C -100 2800 D -100
The GJ entry maintains BS by class integrity because each leg of the entry can have the applicable class specified and the user can ensure that everything is kept in balance. The "consolidated" BS would be reflected in the nonclassified accounts 2800 and 5200 which would each have balances of $400. Granted, at least in my version of QB (Pro 2000), you cannot get a balance sheet listing separate columns by class but you can set up a separate memorized custom report to display each class's BS.
Let's assume the above accrual is entered via the A/P module. I've not actually done this but I assume it will work in the same fashion as cash transactions which you can keep balanced by class. Let's also assume that the A/P control account is acct 2000. In the A/P module, you would record the utility bill for $400 and in the splits section, inicate the related expense charges as follows:
ACCNT CLASS AMOUNT 5200 A 100 5200 B 100 5200 C 100 5200 D 100 2800 A -100 2800 B -100 2800 C -100 2800 D -100 2000 400
As you can see, the last split does not have a class entry because its purpose is to offset the credit to A/P acct 2000 that is generated automatically by recording an entry through this module. This is the result you want since your splits already handled the desired balance sheet entry (acct 2800) for each class. Checks and deposits would work in the same fashion. You just need to ensure that a "classless" offset is recorded in the splits against the control bank account whenever a payment is charged or a deposit credited to one of the classes. For example, let's assume cash is maintained centrally in acct 1000. A check for $50 is cut to pay unaccrued professional fees for class B which are expensed in acct 7800. Let's also assume that interco/interclass accts are maintained to track payments across the classes (departments) as indicated in the table below. The check would be recorded with the following splits:
ACCNT CLASS AMOUNT 7800 B 50 2300 B -50 Payable to central cash 1300 50 Receivable from Class B
Class B will remain in balance as will the "central" accounts because the net check amount of $50 will reduce acct 1000 with an offset to acct 1300.
I agree that the above approach takes some additional steps and requires additional thinking to ensure that all entries are "grossed up" in order to maintain class balance sheets that balance. However, Quickbooks can accomplish the task if the user is so inclined.